Journal of Planning and Land Management 2021-09-15T14:11:26+00:00 Dr. Bernard A. A. Akanbang Open Journal Systems <div id="wd-5f0390b37194f" class="woodmart-text-block-wrapper color-scheme- woodmart-title-size-custom woodmart-title-width-90 text-left vc_custom_1594069217021"> <div class="woodmart-title-container woodmart-text-block font-primary woodmart-font-weight-">Papers published in the Journal of Planning and Land Management are reviewed by competent academics and professionals with expertise in the field of Land Management, Real Estate, Planning, Community Development, Geographic Information System (GIS), at the Simon Diedong Dombo University of Business and Integrated Development Studies (SDD-UBIDS) and other local and foreign Universities. Papers are thoroughly reviewed by a duo-blind review team and published promptly without compromising on the quality of the final output. Potential authors must read the author guidelines before preparing and submitting their manuscripts. Papers that do not follow these guidelines will be desk rejected until concerns are addressed appropriately.</div> </div> Promoting urban security through community participation: evidence from Wa, Ghana 2020-12-29T12:01:56+00:00 Samuel Marfo George Gyader Stephen Kwame Opoku <p>Crime remains one of the major threats to urban communities in Ghana. Ostensibly, the hitherto approach in crime control had been targeting statutory institutions, notably the Ghana Police Service, to the neglect of community level participation, which has become critical due to the increase in crime levels and manpower challenges facing the law enforcement agencies. Against this background, this paper examined how community members contribute to the promotion of security in Wa, a cosmopolitan community in the Upper West Region of Ghana, which often escapes official reports. Forty-three (43) community crime control actors in addition to three key informants were selected purposely in a case study design. Primary data were gathered through interviews and focus group discussions. The study found that community actors complement the efforts of the police by supplying relevant information on crime and offenders resulting in the arrest and prosecution of offenders in the law courts; providing logistical support such as motorbikes and fuel to the police; arresting and handing over suspected criminals to the police; engaging the services of private security operatives; as well as undertaking community patrols often known as ‘neighbourhood watch’. Given the critical role of citizens in crime prevention and control, and the promotion of communities’ safety, the paper recommends that the police should periodically organise workshops to educate community members on modern crime trends and strategies so as to improve their skills in crime control and detection.</p> 2021-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Planning and Land Management Barriers to Community Participation in Crime Control in Wa, Ghana 2021-05-10T13:38:48+00:00 Samuel Marfo Kwabena Badu-Yeboah George Gyader <p>In Ghana, despite the calls for the citizenry to participate in crime control to complement the efforts of the police and other law enforcement agents, communities’ response has tended to be low. Against this background, this study sought to explore the factors which tend to hinder community participation in crime control using Wa in the Upper West Region, as a case study. Primary data were collected through focus group discussions and interviews from 46 respondents who were selected purposely in a case study design. The study found that: lack of basic working tools such as torch lights and boots; crime trade – the act of setting criminals free for monetary and other gains; breach of trust, and the idea of Tijaa-bunyeni (literally, we are all one or tribal brother/sister), are the major factors which militate against effective community participation. To sustain and promote citizens interest in crime control, the paper suggests that the security agencies and the media fraternity should sensitize the public to support the neighbourhood watchdog committees with basic working tools such as torch lights, batteries, uniforms, and boots. More so, police officers who divulge information confided in them to unauthorized persons or engage in crime trade should either have their ranks reduced, dismissed, or prosecuted depending on the severity of the issue. The outcome of such punitive measures should be communicated to the public to boost their confidence and support. </p> 2021-07-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Planning and Land Management Stakeholder Perspectives on Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation in Educational Projects in Upper West Region, Ghana 2021-09-12T08:12:12+00:00 Fauster Agbenyo Wisdom N-Yil-Yari Bernard Affiik Akanpabadai Akanbang <p><em>The paper set out to outline the differences between conventional M&amp;E and PM&amp;E from the perspectives of stakeholders and assess their involvement as well as the benefits associated with PM&amp;E in two districts: Nadowli-Kaleo and Daffiama-Bussie-Issa in the Upper West Region, Ghana. The paper employed multi-stage, simple random and purposive sampling methods in identifying respondents for interviews. Key informant interviews were used to collect data. Thematic and qualitative content analysis of participants’ voices were used in analysing the data. Findings reveal that PM&amp;E gives primary stakeholders power and control over project execution and taking actions on monitoring results. However, it emerged that the youth and women were not fully involved in the process, some beneficiaries have limited capacity and understanding of their roles in the PM&amp;E process and their involvement is limited to ad hoc approaches due to resource constraints. The study concludes that despite its implementation challenges, PM&amp;E has an edge over orthodox M&amp;E in enhancing effective implementation of educational projects. The paper recommends education of and capacity building for beneficiaries on their roles in the PM&amp;E process to enable them more actively and meaningfully participate in it. Policy decision-makers should make conscious efforts to timely free more resources to the monitoring teams to facilitate their work. The monitoring team should also make frantic efforts to engage the youth and women to achieve the right level of participation in the process. </em></p> 2021-09-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Planning and Land Management Vertical equity in access to health insurance services: An exploration of perceptions and enrolment in the Jirapa Municipality, north-western Ghana 2021-04-16T16:39:55+00:00 Maximillian Kolbe Domapielle Constance Awinpoka Akurugu Emmanuel Kanchebe Derbile <p>Given concerns about the spiralling cost of health services in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), this study draws on a framework for assessing poverty and access to health services to ascertain progress towards achieving vertical equity in the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in a rural setting in northern Ghana. Rural-urban disparities in financial access to NHIS services are seldom explored in equity-related studies although there is a knowledge gap of progress and challenges of implementing the scheme’s vertical equity objectives to inform social health protection planning and implementation. A qualitative approach was used to collect and analyse the data. Specifically, in-depth interviews and observation were deployed to explore participants’ lived experiences, the relationship between location, livelihoods and ability to pay for health insurance services. The article found that flat rate contributions for populations in the informal sector of the economy and lack of flexibility and adaptability of timing premium collections to the needs of rural residents make the cost of membership disproportionately higher for them, and this situation contradicts the vertical equity objectives of the NHIS. The study concludes that the current payment regimes serve as important deterrence to poor rural residents enrolling in the scheme. Based on this, we advocate strict adherence and implementation of the scheme’s vertical equity measures through the adoption of the Ghana National Household Register (GNHR) as a tool for ensuring that contributions are based on income, and collection is well-timed</p> 2021-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Planning and Land Management The paradigm wars and the incompatibility thesis live on: Trends and adequacy in the use of mixed methods research in the Ghana Journal of Development Studies 2021-09-15T14:11:26+00:00 Kennedy Alatinga Gilbert A. Abiiro Jonas A Akudugu <p>Despite the potential of mixed methods research (MMR) in providing a comprehensive picture of development issues, its pervasiveness and use in development studies is limited. This paper examines the use of MMR as reflected in contributions to the Ghana Journal of Development Studies (GJDS). Based on a rapid review and content analysis of 105 articles, published in the GJDS over the period 2010 to 2017, this paper illustrates there is an inadequate use of MMR among the community of researchers contributing articles to the GJDS. Specifically, only 16 percent of journal articles used MMR, whereas 52 percent and 32 percent used solely quantitative and qualitative approaches, respectively. The huge use of mono-methods and the paucity of MMR in the field of development studies suggest that the ‘paradigm wars’ and the ‘incompatibility thesis’ are not over. Eighty-six percent of articles that reportedly used MMR did not mention the purposes for employing it, explain the typologies of its designs used, the stages, or even the way the qualitative and quantitative data were integrated.</p> 2022-05-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Planning and Land Management Implications of malaria incidence on farmers’ productivity in rural Ghana: Empirical analyses from Tanina Community, Upper West Region 2021-05-10T12:55:53+00:00 Francis Issahaku Malongza Bukari Kenneth Peprah Nicholas N-Kang Yembilah Raphael Afedzi John Bosco Baguri Sumani <p>Despite numerous publications on the incidence of malaria, very few have addressed its effects on farm labour productivity. This study examined the implications of malaria on farm labour productivity in Tanina, a rural community in the Upper West Region of Ghana. A mixed research design was used, involving 90 respondents, and using a questionnaire. Key informant interviews and focus group discussions were also conducted with relevant participants. The results of the study indicated that malaria prevalence rate during the farming season was 97% among respondents, resulted in 82% of them absenting themselves from farm work, 59% could not effectively access investment capital, with 68% agreeing that malaria reduced their farm output. This was reported to cause low income and inadequate food supply among rural farmers. It is recommended that preventive allopathic healthcare services are instituted. These could be through training of local volunteers to assist in distributing preventive healthcare necessities such as bed nets, indoor spraying of insecticides, and education of rural residents.</p> 2021-07-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Planning and Land Management Factors that influence farmers’ preparedness for floods in the Upper East Region, Ghana 2021-03-22T15:53:57+00:00 William Yorose Emmanuel Y. Tenkorang Simon Mariwah <p>Globally, and in Ghana, flooding is recognised as one of the extreme weather conditions that affect lives and property. As a result, there is increasing apprehension about the effects of climate change induced flooding on farmers and society in general. This notwithstanding, very little is known about the factors influencing farmers to prepare for flood hazards. This paper explores the factors influencing flood preparedness among farmers in the Upper East Region. A total of 343 respondents, mainly farmers were drawn randomly from flood-prone communities within the Talensi and Bulsa South districts in the Upper East Region. Data were collected using a questionnaire, interview guide and focus group discussion guide. Descriptive statistics, Chi-square test and thematic analysis were used to analyse the data. The findings revealed that in general, income, education, age, experience, and sex are the main factors influencing flood preparedness among farmers in the selected communities. This paper concludes by discussing the policy implications of the results, offering recommendations for policy and practice. </p> 2021-07-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Planning and Land Management Fulani herder-farmer conflicts in rural Ghana: Perspectives of communities in the Sawla-Tuna-Kalba District 2020-10-28T12:20:33+00:00 Samuel Ziem Bonye Thaddeus Arkum Aasoglenang Frederick Bebelleh Der Christopher Ni-iretey Bobie George Dery <p>Fulani herder-farmer conflict has existed for long across sub-Sahara Africa. In recent years, the incident has become a daily norm in the West African sub region. Using a cross-sectional mixed method research design, the study explored the causes of conflict between the Fulani herdsmen and the farmers, the effects of the conflicts on agriculture and food security and the resolution and settlement procedures. The study used the purposive sampling technique to select four communities (Vodiel, Saro, Kpali and Tagalteng), the snowball sampling to locate the Fulani herdsmen and simple random sampling to select the individual farmers at the household level for the study. Data collected was analysed descriptively and thematically. The results show that, destruction of crops and theft cases were the main perceived causes of conflict between Fulani herdsmen and farmers. The study recommends the need for the traditional authorities, district assemblies and the district police command to enforce local and national regulatory policies to regulate the activities and movements of the Fulani-herdsmen and their cattle so that their presence in the areas do not play antagonist role to the activities of farmers.</p> 2022-01-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Planning and Land Management Retailing Strategies of West African Itinerant Immigrant Traders in Ghana 2021-09-12T08:12:01+00:00 Elijah Yendaw Akanganngang Joseph Asitik Stanley Kojo Dary <p>While Ghana remains a key destination for West African itinerant immigrant traders, studies examining their retail strategies appear missing in the Ghanaian migration literature. Applying the mixed methods design, quantitative and qualitative data were obtained from 779 immigrant vendors and 9 immigrant key informants. In tandem with this design (mixed methods), interview schedule and in-depth interview guide were employed to collect the data for analysis. The results indicate that most of the respondents exhibited their entrepreneurial prowess by constructing a network of clients around their business. The findings indicate that they sustained their clients by selling their wares at reduced prices with the supplier price being the determinant. Such traders usually prefer cash payments for their products with street vending being their main itinerant retail strategy. Primarily, most of them advertised their wares by shouting to draw attention to what they sell while others increased their sales using flattery and persuasive language. The Chi-square test results revealed a significant nexus between the immigrant vendors’ countries of origin and the various techniques they used to retail their goods. The study unveils the fact that aspiring entrepreneurs and shop retailers could experiment the pricing strategy of these immigrant traders, to increase sale values.</p> 2021-09-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Planning and Land Management