An Analysis of Organisational and Task Stressors Among Construction Professionals in Ghana
Keywords:Exploratory factor analysis, Ghana, Mixed approach, Organizational stressors, Task stressors
The construction industry constitutes one of the imperative and promising industries in Ghana in term of output and outcome. However, the stressful nature of this industry has become an issue of concern to many. The study identifies and examines the critical organisational and task stressors among construction professionals in Ghana, using sequential explanatory mixed approach by means of mainly questionnaire survey and interviews. Data from a sample size of 372 construction professionals within the ten regions of Ghana were examined using factor analysis and pairwise ranking. The results of this study reveal that organizational policies, treatment and reward constitute the most critical organizational stressors. Overload and job description ambiguity turned out as the most critical task stressors. It was uncovered that organisation stressors are ubiquitous. The findings of this study can serve as policy alert for an optimal stress and employee-oriented policies as well as training scheme for construction professionals in Ghana. In-depth nationwide qualitative study on organisational and task stress coping strategies of construction professionals is recommended.